Chemotherapy related Oral Mucositis Propolis Treatment
Black and sticky is the glue we beekeepers know as propolis. Bee made combination of Balsam (a resinous sap from trees and shrubs ), volatile oils, in other words essential oil of a plant or tree and Terpenes, the sap of conifers.
Propolis in combination with baking soda protects cancer patients for Oral Mucositis. Oral Mucositis is when the mucus membrane of cancer patients mouth lesion from chemotherapy.
The combination of propolis and sodium bicarbonate is an effective and well-tolerated therapeutic option to prevent oral mucositis (OM) in patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy, according to a study published The European Journal of Cancer Care.
Previous studies exploring the use of propolis, a waxy substance produced by bees that is considered to be a complementary therapy to anticancer agents, for the treatment of esophagitis, stomatitis, oral ulcers, and other conditions achieved mixed results. For this study, researchers investigated the effects of propolis in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced OM in patients with breast cancer...
None of the patients who used propolis and sodium bicarbonate developed OM greater than grade 1 during the first cycle, whereas 16.7% (5) of patients in the control arm developed OM greater than grade 1 in the first cycle (P =.02). The incidence of grade 1 and higher OM was the greatest in cycle 2 (25%) and cycle 5 (45.8%) during cycles 2 to 8 (P <.001)
The authors of the study conclude that “although further well-designed studies with larger samples, possibly comparing propolis with placebo, are warranted to achieve definite results, this study provides clinicians with a promisingly effective, natural, harmless, cheap, and acceptable prophylaxis for OM in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy with AC.”
The importance of honeybees isn’t just about bees or honey. Because a third of global food production is reliant on pollinators, many of the most common fruits and vegetables are dependent on some aspect of the honeybee pollination process.
For example, almonds are 100 percent reliant on the honeybee. In fact, the relationship between bees and almonds is symbiotic. Almond trees require cross-pollination to grow, and male bees move pollen between the plants, helping them to thrive. In return, almond pollen is considered a natural form of food and nutrition for bees.
Apples, avocados, and blueberries are also extremely dependent on the honeybee’s pollination skills. For avocados, while there may be only one seed in the entire fruit, more than 20 pollen grains are needed before a flower can produce one. Honeybees are also more efficient at pollinating when it comes to apple and cherry orchards compared to nectar collectors, which helps these delicious fruits mature so we can enjoy them.
THE COST OF LOSING BEES
Losing the honeybee doesn’t just mean fewer almonds and apples for our salads and treats, it means big bucks for the U.S. economy. Because so many of the foods we eat every day are dependent on pollinators for production, losing a major player in the game like the honeybee would be devastating to our food economy.
The financial impact of losing the honeybee population would be greatest in the almond industry. Combining the sale of almonds and wages of those employed to help maintain them (earning an average pay of $20,000 every year), the almond industry adds roughly $5.9 billion to the U.S. economy. The cost of the production of apples adds over $2.9 billion every year, and the broccoli and onion industries each contribute well over $800 million to our economy.
Today, 1 in 12 jobs across the country are directly connected to agriculture. In total, the honeybee contribution equates to well over $16 billion dollars a year and helps employ hundreds of thousands of people in the U.S.
Breaking News: Hurricane Irma Wipes Out Most of Florida Citrus
Hurricane Irma, the largest Alantic storm in recorded history took aim at Florida recently. Running up Florida's west coast her brutal winds took out seventy percent of southern Florida's citrus groves.
Florida is second only to Brazil in citrus production. Beekeepers in the state produce twenty seven million pound of honey each year.
We have not seen the extent of the damage she has done to Florida's Ag, let alone the beekeeping Industry in the state.
Grower group says Irma caused 50 to 70 percent citrus loss in portions of South FloridaHurricane Irma caused losses of 50 to 70 percent of Florida's citrus crop in portions of South Florida, according to the Florida Fruit & Vegetable Association.Oranges and grapefruit were hard hit by the storm, but there also were impacts to fields in the south and central areas where other crops grow, particularly strawberries and tomatoes.
Based on reports from the field, it's estimated that there's a 50 to 70 percent crop loss in South Florida, depending on the region," said Lisa Lochridge, a spokesperson for the Florida Fruit & Vegetable Association, a trade group representing growers across the state. "Losses are less going north."
On Monday, CNBC was told preliminary assessment of the storm showed up to 30 percent of some major crops such as grapefruit had losses, according to estimates by Joel Widenor, a meteorologist and co-founder of Commodity Weather Group.
In an interview Wednesday, Widenor said CWG didn't revise its initial estimates, but he added that "the ground crews will have a much better feel for it. Certainly, it could be higher than what we were saying."
As for other crops, she said there was some damage in fields where other fruits and vegetables grow in the southern and central parts of the state, particularly tomatoes and strawberries. For example, she said plastic ground covering and irrigation systems got ripped up by the storm, and there's standing water in fields too.
"As a result, the tomato crop is expected to be light at the first part of November, but volume should build and we expect a solid December," she said. "Strawberry growers expect to be able to recover quickly and stay on their timetable to be harvesting on time."
There's still no official reports of economic loss totals from agriculture but it could surpass $100 million, as the value of Florida's citrus last year exceeded $1 billion. The most vulnerable citrus crop due to Irma is grapefruit because of its weight on the trees, although orange groves also suffered losses.
Another crop hard hit by Irma was Florida's sugar cane, which had a value last year of $561 million, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
"The impact is shocking and will be felt for many months," USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue said in a statement. "In addition to efforts being made on the ground to assist producers, we have taken a hard look at our regular reporting requirements and adjusted them so producers can take care of pressing needs first and mostly deal with documentation and claims later."
Before Hurricane Irma, Florida was expecting to harvest more than 75 million boxes worth of oranges, according to the Florida Department of Citrus. "Due to the storm, we now have much less," said Shannon Shepp, the agency's executive director.
In an emailed statement, Lochridge said "Irma cut a powerful swath through the epicenter of Florida's citrus-growing region. The primary problem is that the excessive winds stripped the trees of fruit."
Some citrus-growing areas faced peak wind gusts between about 60 and 80 mph during Hurricane Irma.
According to government data, Central Florida's Polk County — located between Orlando and Tampa — is the state's biggest county in terms of citrus production, followed by Hendry, located on Lake Okeechobee's southwestern shore.
Lochridge said the devastating storm "uprooted trees, but that is not as big of a problem, which is good for the growers longer-term. Many groves are flooded, however, and it will take growers a while to get all of that excess water pumped out."
The standing water also can be a major source of diseases for citrus trees. Root rot endangers the health of the tree when the trunk stays moist for extended periods of time.
Hurricane Irma Wipes Out Most of Florida Citrus...
It is gonna take a long time to straighten Irma's mess up. And just as long to see the impacts on Florida's honey bee industry.
With their steep decline we can expect food shortages even in the U. S. Here is part of a report by Save on Energy. Read the full report.
The honeybee population has been in steady decline for years, and since 2015, their population has been declining at an even more alarming rate.
Between January and March 2015, nearly half of the honeybee population in Ohio was lost due to potentially 60 different factors, and more than a third of the honeybees in Illinois died. Between April and June 2015, between 2 percent and 19 percent of the honeybee populations across the entire U.S. died. During the summer months, nearly a third of the honeybees in Arkansas died, and between October and the end of December, 40 percent of the honeybees in Kansas had perished.
Between January and March 2016, honeybee populations were still on the decline, and almost half of the remaining bees in Oklahoma disappeared.
The National Agricultural Statistics Service and the USDA have recorded losses from 29% to 45% between 2010 and 2015. Despite the efforts of beekeepers across the country and research to understand these trends, between 12 percent and 18 percent of the honeybees in the U.S. were lost each quarter between March 2015 and March 2016.
DAMAGE TO THE HONEYBEE POPULATION
So, what’s causing all of this damage to the honeybee population in the U.S.?
The No. 1 stressor on honeybee colonies is varroa mites. Largely found in Florida, these mites feed off of adult honeybees and those unhatched or maturing (called brood). The mites actually develop on the honeybee brood, allowing them to overtake adult bees as they grow, and move from colony to colony by attaching themselves to agricultural workers and drones.
Other pests and parasites like tracheal mites, small hive beetles, and wax moths, as well as the disease nosema, are also having a negative impact on the health of the honeybee population. Hive beetles are native to the sub-Saharan areas of Africa but have been found outside of the region around nests of the honeybee.
Pesticides, weather, and diseases have also had significant adverse impacts on the honeybee population in the U.S., together accounting for over 20 percent of colonies lost in 2015 and 2016.
An educated choice is better than an uneducated guess. IRescueBees is here to help with our blog Beekeeping Basics Choosing the Right Bee
The honey bee comes in many different breeds. Each breed has it's own characteristics.
For instance, one breed may be gentle and productive but, is susceptible to disease. While another could be a bit more protective yet, can be disease resistant.
Lets start with the Italian honey bee...
Italian honey bees are by far the most well know of all breeds. Beginners often start out with Italian bees.
While they are widely available and the best selling honey bee breed but, that does not make the perfect. Although, gentle and easy to work with they need to be medicated to overcome local bee diseases.
Italians have also been extensively inbred that listed characteristics may not bee there. As a whole, Italian honey bees are prolific, have a low tendency to swarm, medium propolizing, gentle and make nice white cappings.
Conversely, they exhibit low hygienic behavior and have a slow spring build if not fed. Hygienic behavior aids in the removal of varroa and other parasitic mites.
We will cover bee diseases and mites in another post.
Although, we do not use Italian bees in our apiaries, we do recommend them to the beginner.
Russian Honey Bees...
These are another available breed, many beekeeping suppliers provide Russian as well as Italian honey bees.
Russian honey bees are a three way cross of Caucasian, Carniolan and Italian. Bred for disease and mite resistance, make them a great choice for the beginner that wants to beekeep chemical free.
Great honey hording with a less swarming tendency of Italian. With maximum propolizing makes them perfect for propolis production.
Not as gentle as Italians; so if your willing to take a few stings Russians will work fine.
This breed sells well and is available in the United States. But, we do not recommend Buckfast for the beginner, they are just to hot.
Buckfast bee is a sub breed of Italian bees. Developed by Karl Kegrle ( brother Adam ) while in charge of beekeeping at Buckfast Abbey in England. Bred for a fast spring build up, hygienic behavior and prolific honey gathering these too have their negative traits.
They are not gentle and the queen needs to be changed every year.
IRescueBees recommends that the beginner starts out with Italian honey bees. These will give you a feel of beekeeping and honey bee behavior.
As you grow in experience consider other breeds. We only use feral bees in our apiaries, we call them mutts.
Feral bees are available but not to purchase. These must be caught.
You can advertise that you will chase swarms ( for a charge, do not chase swarms for free remember hives cost money )
In a later post we will discuss catching a swarm and how to get free bees. Beekeeping Basics Choosing the Right Bee