With their steep decline we can expect food shortages even in the U. S. Here is part of a report by Save on Energy. Read the full report.
The honeybee population has been in steady decline for years, and since 2015, their population has been declining at an even more alarming rate.
Between January and March 2015, nearly half of the honeybee population in Ohio was lost due to potentially 60 different factors, and more than a third of the honeybees in Illinois died. Between April and June 2015, between 2 percent and 19 percent of the honeybee populations across the entire U.S. died. During the summer months, nearly a third of the honeybees in Arkansas died, and between October and the end of December, 40 percent of the honeybees in Kansas had perished.
Between January and March 2016, honeybee populations were still on the decline, and almost half of the remaining bees in Oklahoma disappeared.
The National Agricultural Statistics Service and the USDA have recorded losses from 29% to 45% between 2010 and 2015. Despite the efforts of beekeepers across the country and research to understand these trends, between 12 percent and 18 percent of the honeybees in the U.S. were lost each quarter between March 2015 and March 2016.
DAMAGE TO THE HONEYBEE POPULATION
So, what’s causing all of this damage to the honeybee population in the U.S.?
The No. 1 stressor on honeybee colonies is varroa mites. Largely found in Florida, these mites feed off of adult honeybees and those unhatched or maturing (called brood). The mites actually develop on the honeybee brood, allowing them to overtake adult bees as they grow, and move from colony to colony by attaching themselves to agricultural workers and drones.
Other pests and parasites like tracheal mites, small hive beetles, and wax moths, as well as the disease nosema, are also having a negative impact on the health of the honeybee population. Hive beetles are native to the sub-Saharan areas of Africa but have been found outside of the region around nests of the honeybee.
Pesticides, weather, and diseases have also had significant adverse impacts on the honeybee population in the U.S., together accounting for over 20 percent of colonies lost in 2015 and 2016.
An educated choice is better than an uneducated guess. IRescueBees is here to help with our blog Beekeeping Basics Choosing the Right Bee
The honey bee comes in many different breeds. Each breed has it's own characteristics.
For instance, one breed may be gentle and productive but, is susceptible to disease. While another could be a bit more protective yet, can be disease resistant.
Lets start with the Italian honey bee...
Italian honey bees are by far the most well know of all breeds. Beginners often start out with Italian bees.
While they are widely available and the best selling honey bee breed but, that does not make the perfect. Although, gentle and easy to work with they need to be medicated to overcome local bee diseases.
Italians have also been extensively inbred that listed characteristics may not bee there. As a whole, Italian honey bees are prolific, have a low tendency to swarm, medium propolizing, gentle and make nice white cappings.
Conversely, they exhibit low hygienic behavior and have a slow spring build if not fed. Hygienic behavior aids in the removal of varroa and other parasitic mites.
We will cover bee diseases and mites in another post.
Although, we do not use Italian bees in our apiaries, we do recommend them to the beginner.
Russian Honey Bees...
These are another available breed, many beekeeping suppliers provide Russian as well as Italian honey bees.
Russian honey bees are a three way cross of Caucasian, Carniolan and Italian. Bred for disease and mite resistance, make them a great choice for the beginner that wants to beekeep chemical free.
Great honey hording with a less swarming tendency of Italian. With maximum propolizing makes them perfect for propolis production.
Not as gentle as Italians; so if your willing to take a few stings Russians will work fine.
This breed sells well and is available in the United States. But, we do not recommend Buckfast for the beginner, they are just to hot.
Buckfast bee is a sub breed of Italian bees. Developed by Karl Kegrle ( brother Adam ) while in charge of beekeeping at Buckfast Abbey in England. Bred for a fast spring build up, hygienic behavior and prolific honey gathering these too have their negative traits.
They are not gentle and the queen needs to be changed every year.
IRescueBees recommends that the beginner starts out with Italian honey bees. These will give you a feel of beekeeping and honey bee behavior.
As you grow in experience consider other breeds. We only use feral bees in our apiaries, we call them mutts.
Feral bees are available but not to purchase. These must be caught.
You can advertise that you will chase swarms ( for a charge, do not chase swarms for free remember hives cost money )
In a later post we will discuss catching a swarm and how to get free bees. Beekeeping Basics Choosing the Right Bee